Squid proxy : blocking download of some file extensions
It is a common request in squid to have it block downloading certain files based on their extension in the url path. A quick look at google's results on the subject apparently gives us the solution to get this done easily by squid.
The common solution is to create an ACL file listing regular expressions of the extensions you want to block and then apply this to your http_access rules.
acl blockExtensions urlpath_regex -i "/etc/squid/blockExtensions.acl"
http_access allow localnet !blockExtensions
Unfortunately this is not enough to prevent users from downloading .exe files. The mistake here is that we assume that the URL will strictly finish by the extension we want to block, consider the two examples below :
http://download.com/badass.exe // will be DENIED as expected
http://download.com/badass.exe? // WON'T be denied as it does not match the regex !
Squid uses the extended regex processor which is the same as egrep. So we need to change our blockExtensions.acl file to handle the possible ?whatever string which may be trailing our url_path. Here's the solution to handle all the cases :
\.exe(\?.*)?$ \.msi(\?.*)?$ \.msu(\?.*)?$ \.torrent(\?.*)?$
You will still be hated for limiting people's need to download and install shit on their Windows but you implemented it the right way and no script kiddie can brag about bypassing you ;)